A studio camera operatorís focus is generally on following a precise order of shots decided upon by the director and practiced beforehand. In this scenario, he is considerably less involved in the artistic side of his craft. Instead, his ability to work in unison with the director and communicate well is highlighted. Studio shoots are commonly used for television and movie productions. Outdoor shoots are often considered the most prone to surprises. Besides the unpredictability of weather, other variables like local people and animals often disrupt the filming. Occasions like concerts and sporting events typically require shooting outdoors. A two-year associateís degree or a comparable certificate in video production is normally required to be a cameraman. To advance into the field of editing generally requires a bachelorís degree. Familiarity with a wide range of cameras and video equipment is considered a plus.